The best caviar in the world has been deemed Beluga, according to the widely accepted historic caviar hierarchy. Out of the 27 species of sturgeon from around the world, Caspian Sea sturgeons are respected as having the best caviar. Beluga caviar comes from the Beluga (not to be confused with the whale) or Huso Husosturgeon, a species that was once prominent in the Caspian Sea. This impressive sturgeon has been said to grow up to one ton and up 30 feet in length, holding over 100 pounds of roe! Unfortunately, this species is virtually extinct in it’s native Caspian Sea habitat andBeluga caviar has beenbanned from import to the U.S.Farming these giants is not economically realistic, as it takes up to 12 years for the females to produce roe for caviar.
According to the caviar hierarchy, the next best caviar in the world is Osetra (also known as Oscietra, Asetra, Ossetra), made from roe of the Russian Sturgeon (Acipenser Gueldenstaedtii). Like Beluga, Russian sturgeon also originate from the Caspian Sea. Although this species is critically endangered in the wild, they areresponsibly farmed right here in the U.S. using recirculating aquaculture systems. Ostera caviar is known for its nutty, buttery flavor and firm texture.
Considered the third best caviar in the world is Baeri fromAcipenser baeri(or Siberian Sturgeon). Like Russian sturgeon and Beluga, Siberian sturgeon are also critically endangered in the wild. LikeAcipenser Gueldenstaedtii, this species can be farmed and it’s roe is sold around the world.
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